The American Wirehair is a cat of a unique coat.
Similar to the Devon Rex and Cornish Rex, the American Wirehair differs as the gene
responsible for this coat affects all the different hair types on the cat. With a coat
that is springy, dense, and resilient while coarse and hard, the American Wirehair is a
'feel for yourself' experience. The gene that causes the unique coat is an incomplete
dominant gene, which means that not all kittens in a litter will receive the coat even if
two wirehaired parents are bred; however, coarseness is dependent on parents and to
produce a high-quality coat both parents should be hard coated.
When born, whisker wiring should be readily
apparent in those that will become wirehaired, though ideally a kitten will show an
overall wiring without ringlets as these can loosen into waves and lighter wiring may
tighten. While at one time breeders were breeding all kittens in a litter, the breed has
expanded enough that only those who show some form of kinking are bred. It is difficult
to create an ideal coat, and combined with the standard relying heavily on that of the
American Shorthair, coat quality may be lost in a litter as attempts to reach the body
standards are made. Individual hairs on the coat should be 'crimped, hooked, or
bent', including the hairs in the ears, though preference is given to an all over
appearance of wiring. Density of the hairs should be ringlets over waves with curly
The head should be in proportion to the body with
prominent cheekbones and jowls in males. Ears are medium in length and rounded at the
tips. Eyes are large, round and bright. They should be set well apart and be a
complimentary color to the coat. The body of the American Wirehair should be medium
large, with medium legs and full, firm and rounded paws on heavy pads.
Colors showing hybridization: chocolate, lilac,
the himalayan pattern or these with white are not permissible.