Maine Coon's are large cats, with males averaging 12-15 pounds, some as large as twenty. Females are slightly smaller with weights between 9-12 pounds. Solid and rugged, the Maine Coon has adapted to endure harsh climates and this should be reflected in the bone structure. An appearance of delicacy should be avoided. Head and muzzle should appear strong and balanced though pleasant; with large, well-tufted ears. Ears should taper to a point and be set only an ear's width apart on the head. The cat should display a long, rectangular body with large, well-tufted paws.
The cat is broad chested and sturdy, with an easy to maintain coat. The fur of the animal should be heavy but smooth and silky and should appear shaggy. This breed has a history as a working animal and should appear it. The Maine Coon is slow to mature, taking three to four years, and comes in a large variety of colors over five color classes: solid, tabby, tabby with white, particolor, and other. There are only three recognized tabby patterns for Maine Coons, classic, mackeral, and patched. One color class is the OMCCC or Other Maine Coon Cat Color class. Though the cat is often seen in a variety of colors, these do come with restrictions and no Maine Coon should show colors which come from hybridization including chocolate, lavender, or these mixed with white.
Being the first cat to win the first American cat competition and the first indigenous house cat, the Maine Coon had a place of relative security in the hearts of the American people until the early 1900's and the arrival of flashier cats such as the Persian. The Maine Coon faded out of the public eye and was even declared extinct in the 1950's, a claim that was completely inaccurate. Perhaps shocked by the thought of a home-bred cat falling so clearly by the wayside, American breeders took up the challenge of rebuilding the Maine Coon's popularity and by the 1970's and secured a provisional acceptance for the breed in the CFA once again. Their efforts were successful as can be seen by the current popularity of the breed - the Maine Coon is the second most popular cat in the CFA.